Photographer: Patrick Honan . Goatweed Leafwing. The Dainty Swallowtail’s osmeterium is red-orange in colour and smells strongly of citrus. Female wasps have long, spiny leg.. ”BYB is a great intro to Australia’s wildlife - to educate your kids and discover more about nature in your backyard. remarkably well. Catalog Dingy or Dainty Swallowtail. The head is large, black, with a white upside-down v mark on the front. This smell acts as a repellent to predators. The Dainty Swallowtail Butterfly is also known as the Dingy Swallowtail or Small Citrus Butterfly - but it isn't dingy at all. Plant Native Finger Lime Citrus australasica, Native Lime Citrus garrawayae or Desert Lime Citrus glauca as these attract Dainty The colour pattern mimics the stem that the pupa is attached so that it looks like a snapped extension of the stem. Later instars eat fully developed new leaves, but not usually matured leaves. It can be two weeks in summer, or up to four weeks in autumn. Attracting and keeping butterflies around your yard is a cinch. Wing size varies greatly between species, with the dainty swallowtail butterfly having an average wingspan of only 2 inches long, to the massive Papilio cresphontes butterfly whose wingspan can reach up to 6 inches. The eggs are relatively large, pale yellow, and roughly spherical. The fleshy spines also become less bristly in later instars, and towards the last instar is almost absent. They are laid at the edge of larger leaves, either above and beneath. When we went and had a look at ours we found 5 dainty swallowtail butterfly caterpillars! mammals, reptiles and frogs are unique to Australia, along with most of its freshwater fish and almost half of its birds. Dainty Swallowtail Papilio anactus. A small to medium size butterfly, mainly black and white with blue and red down the bottom quarter of the hindwing. It either moves back vertically or is held horizontally. For the other butterfly with these common names, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Papilio_anactus&oldid=966174557, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 14:41. The osmeterium is exists in all stages of the larvae. [3], When disturbed, the larvae can erect a reddish-orange coloured, osmeterium from behind the head which releases a citrus-like smell of rotting oranges. They look remarkably similar to citrus bark and are fixed to small branches of the food plant, where they are beautifully camouflaged. The markings change as the caterpillar matures. It emits The caterpillar of the Dainty Swallowtail is blue-black in colour, with two rows of yellow-orange spots on its side and many small pale blue or white spots. Dusky-blue Groundstreak. This is a small swallowtails butterflies, with white pattern on black and red patches. [3], The pupa is straight and approximately 30 mm long. Caterpillar Food Plants for Central Texas Mike Quinn, past president Austin Butterfly Forum Revised Feb. 2018 entomike@gmail.com – 512-577-0250 Plant Family Scientific Name Common Name Caterpillar Food Plant For These Butterflies Acanthaceae - Acanthus Family strong and stinky chemicals smelling of citrus to deter predators that would otherwise easily eat an unprotected caterpillar. wingspan is up to 7.2 cm while the male is slightly smaller, with his growing up to 6.7 cm. Papilio anactus. Most species of swallowtail have hindwings that terminate in 2, 3, or 4 little tails that resemble the feathers of a swallow. The thorax becomes notably out-stretching forward. The amount of orange can also vary, and it can be absent. Generally, you want to use the same plant where you originally found the caterpillar's eggs. Clearwing or Greasy Swallowtail Butterfly: its forewing is transparent with one or more black spots. Final instar Dainty Swallowtail caterpillar, 16 Nov 2015. Dainty Swallowtail (previously known as Elleppone anactus) PAPILIONIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA Don Herbison-Evans (donherbisonevans@outlook.com) and Stella Crossley: These Caterpillars are commonly found on cultivated Citrus, such as : Kaffir Lime ( Citrus hystrix), Lemon ( Citrus limon), Grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi), Madarin ( Citrus reticulata), Dainty Swallowtail (Papilio anactus) The Dainty Swallowtail butterfly is very widespread in eastern Australia. Notes: The young feed exclusively on Native Australian Citrus Plants although has adapted to thrive on introduced citrus plant species. The colour is dimorphic, being either green or grey brown with other variable markings. Backyard Buddies is an initiative of The Foundation for National Parks & Wildlife (ABN 90 107 744 771), a registered charity with the ACNC, It has two rows of short spines along its back. Dainty Swallowtail, Papilio anactus. During summer it takes about two weeks for the butterfly to emerge from the pupa. The early instars are kite shaped, and coloured dark blue with orange spots. The black swallowtail caterpillar may not be poisonous but may taste base to its bird predators since they consume toxin from their host plants. The Dainty Swallowtail (adult butterfly) is generally black with rows of pale yellow spots and patches. Make sure there are plenty of cuttings in the caterpillar enclosure. This record includes some of eight individual Citrus Swallowtail Caterpillars from one Tahitian Lime bush, and two from a second. Papilio anactus is not present on Kangaroo Island or elsewhere in Australia, as there are currently too few citrus trees. They were happily munching away on one of our potted lemon trees! The caterpillar started pupating around 12:35pm and was completely done approximately 30 minutes later. Next the caterpillar creates a grey or brown pupa with green patches - these look like the citrus bark onto which they are fixed, so they are camouflaged Donations over $2 are tax-deductible and we thank you for your support. Habitat: Mainly warm, dry Eastern states of Australia. 7cm long. Upper Sometimes known as the Small Citrus butterfly because the caterpillars feed on native and introduced Citrus plants, including grape-fruit, lemon, lime, mandarin and oranges. The caterpillars just love citrus, The time-span of the pupa can vary. The pupa is attached to the stem by a central silken girdle. Jerry talks with an entomologist "Butterflies are a wonderful presence in the garden," says Jerry, "but every beautiful butterfly was once a voracious caterpillar. SERIES 25 Episode 32. Orchard Swallowtail Caterpillar, last instar The Orchard Butterfly larva can grow up to 60mm. Black Swallowtail caterpillars eat a lot. Terms & Conditions |  Privacy Policy |  Corporate Governance. Macleay) Both sexes are similar. Papilio anactus: 13 Mar 2019: SuziBond: Papilio anactus: 4 Mar 2019: JackyF: Identify this sighting. During autumn it takes four weeks for the butterfly to emerge, but often [3], "Dingy swallowtail" and "Small citrus butterfly" redirect here. This gorgeous butterfly can be attracted to any garden within its range by planting caterpillar food plants such as native and introduced citrus. They feed on citrus trees, include the Orange and lemon trees. The female's Originally only found in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland, due to the growing of citrus trees (a food plant for this species caterpillars), it has spread to South Australia. [1][2], For protection against predators, this non-poisonous butterfly mimics the poisonous male Cressida cressida, another swallowtail butterfly that obtains its toxic properties through its host plant, the Dutchman's pipe. Australia is a land like no other, with about one million different native species. Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. The larva will sometimes leave the host plant to pupate. In warm areas the larvae go through five instars, and larvae in cold areas can have six instars before developing to a pupa. Dainty Sulphur. Papilio anactus, the dainty swallowtail, dingy swallowtail or small citrus butterfly is a medium-sized butterfly from the family Papilionidae, that is endemic to Australia. An endemic Australian swallowtail of ancient Gondwanaland origin that has evolved on the native citrus plants … Giant Swallowtail. Unfortunately my battery died just before hand so didn't catch the last part. The body surface is covered by small fleshy spikes. More than 80 per cent of the country’s flowering plants, The larvae develop inside the egg immediately after being laid. females will only lay their eggs on new growth. Often those pupae formed in autumn will not become adults until the following spring, or even longer with diapause records of 1 to 2 years. Here is an image of an interesting "exchange" between these caterpillars. The eggs are prone to small predators that eat the contents of the egg, and are also commonly parasitised by small wasps. On the tail, it has several small, light blue, red, or white spots. The eggs change to an orange colour when the larvae are almost ready to emerge. It is usually attached to the stems of the host plant and almost always on the other side of the tree from where the larva was last feeding. SERIES 25 Episode 32. Swallowtail Butterflies, as well as Capaneus Swallowtail, Orchard Swallowtail and Ambrax Swallowtail Butterflies. Eastern Tailed-Blue. The caterpillar of the Dainty Swallowtail Butterfly was one such beauty. Their caterpillars eat the leaves of native and introduced citrus trees, and the butterflies feed on nectar from flowers. The Dainty Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio anactus) is a medium-sized Australian butterfly. Their body is black in colour with yellow abdomen tip. Other names for the Hairy Flower Wasp include the Black Flower Wasp and the Blue Flower Wasp. Giant Swallowtail Chrysalis. You can experiment with other plants as well. Description. The male patrols his territory around a food plant - their flight is often slow and lazy, but they can take off in a great hurry if disturbed. While the visitors watched or held them, the other caterpillars kept busy, munching on the leaves of their host plant, the pipevine. Gray Hairstreak. If the stem is green or is surrounded by leaves, then the colour of the pupa is mostly green. Please Login or Register to identify this sighting. Funereal Duskywing. Papilio anactus Dainty Swallowtail (Caterpillar) Back to top. Another thing that we quickly learnt about dainty swallowtail butterflies is that they lay their eggs on citrus trees. Has yellow on the last half of … It takes four week for the caterpillar to grow up and ready to turn into a pupa. 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