A favored shade tree, willow oak is widely planted as an ornamental. Alpine Larch - Larix lyallii. Locate it where the slimy fruit will not fall on sidewalks and cause people to slip and fall. The Angel Oak near Charleston, South Carolina, is a live oak that has been determined to be the oldest tree in the eastern United States at 1400 years. Cherrybark oak (Q. pagodifolia) is a fairly common large tree of bottomland forests, similar to the upland Southern red oak (Q. falcata), of which it was formerly considered a variety. 344 Linear. It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. Bur oak typically grows in the open, away from a forest canopy. The lumber is often cut and sold as red oak. During the fall and winter months most of the medicinal trees can offer roots, twigs and bark for the healing of a multitude of standard ailments. Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) is best known for its brilliant autumn color. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). Rock elm or cork elm is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United States and along the prairie and forest edge. Basswood flowers draw hordes of bees and other insects. Overcup oak acorns, showing the nut largely enclosed by the acorn cup. Any oak with pointed, bristle-tipped leaf lobes belongs to the red oak group, including Northern red oak. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Pineland Acacia - Vachellia farnesiana var. It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern California. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is quite distinctive, making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape use. Green ash is the most widely distributed of all the American ashes. Black locust has nitrogen-fixing bacteria on its root system. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii), not distinguished as a species until 1927, is also called red oak, Red River oak, and pin oak. The large acorns with hardened cups that enclose all or most of the nut are diagnostic. Although these trees are often called hardwoods, wood hardness varies among the hardwood species. Native Americans used the wild birch's boiled sap as a sweetener similar to maple syrup, and the inner bark as a survival food. A good mature tree will produce commercial timber used for furniture and crates. You can easily identify a hardwood from a conifer. It is also the most extensively utilized of any native alder species. The osage orange creates a dense canopy, making it useful as a windbreak. Acer rubrum or red maple is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America. Yellow birch thrives in moist woodlands and often seen on root stilts that have developed from seedlings that have grown on and over rotting stumps. It is similar in appearance to the Green ash, making identification difficult. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Abelia, Arborvitae, Azaleas, Barberry, Boxwood, Burning Bush, Butterfly Bush, Camellia, Cleyera, Crepe Myrtle, Cypress, Daylily, Euonymous, Fruit Trees Bush, Grass Groundcover, Hawthorne, Holly, Hydrangea, Itea, Juniper, Laurel, Leucothoe, Loropetalum, Magnolia, Maple Japanese, Nandina, Pieris, River Birch, Roses, Spirea, Spruce, Trees, Viburnum, Yew, Yucca In some areas, 90% of the Butternut trees have been killed. The wood resembles elm but is difficult to work, rots easily and is a bad choice for planting in the landscape. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood. The bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a species of oak in the white oak group. Hardwood trees usually have broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage. Having been transplanted in France, it is the source of the renowned French acacia monofloral honey. Both the post oak and the blackjack oak are the major trees of the "Cross Timbers" area in Texas and Oklahoma. Scott Bauer/USDA Agricultural Research Servic/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. The shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is a common hickory in the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Water oak is planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities. Red maple is widely grown as an ornamental tree in parks and in the landscape. Sep 12, 2014 - Explore Ruth Wakefield's board "NORTHERN HARDWOOD TREES" on Pinterest. Pin oak is one of the most overused landscape oaks in the midwest and the eastern United States. Once extensively planted as a shade tree, Dutch elm disease has killed many of these. The greater the diversity of plants in your garden, the greater the amount of life it may support. Red alder is the largest native alder species in North America with a range confined to the western United States and Canada. Common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly shaped native small to medium tree. Most, but not all, hardwoods are deciduous, perennial plants which are normally leafless for some time during the year. Aspen propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and extensive clonal colonies are common. Some are landscaping trees, often used to create hedgerows and barriers. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. Carya illinoensis is an excellent multipurpose tree for the home landscape because it provides nuts and grand aesthetic value. Only the seeds and pulp are eaten (the flesh is edible, but totally bland). basic specific gravity = green volume and oven-dry weight, Bulking/Swell Factors for Various Excavated/Mined Materials, Swell and Shrink Percentages of Various Materials, Volume Conversions Table for Lumber/Timber Products, Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees / By Type (hardwood/softwood), The Basic Specific Gravity of Trees Listed by Region, Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees, Basic Specific Gravity of Indian Tree Species, Shrinkage and Fibre Saturation point of Trees, Specific Gravity and Shrinkage Values for Various Trees, Average Weight of Logs in Pounds per Cubic Foot, Log Dry Weight and Green Moisture Content, Imperial Measurements, Log Dry Weight and Green Moisture Content, Metric Measurements, Aspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen Popular, Bald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / Yellow, Catalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba Tree, Cedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / Swamp, Cedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ Shinglewood, Cottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplar, Fir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / Eastern, Fir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / Silver, Fir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / Cascades, Fir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / Silvertip, Fir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White Balsam, Fir, White / Colorado / California White / Low's, Florida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ Higuer�n, Hemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock Spruce, Locust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / Yellow, Maple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / Oregon, Maple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-Leave, Maple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake Bark, Mountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / Spoonwood, Mountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany, Oak, Bluejack / Upland Willow Oak / Sandjack Oak / Cinnamon Oak, Oak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul Oak, Oak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / Mountain, Oak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado Scrub, Oak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon Oak, Oak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water Oak, Pine / Gray / California Foothill Bull / Grey-leaf / Digger, Pine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-Cone, Pine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / White, Pine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / Southern, Pine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack Pine, Pine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / Insignis, Pine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / Rock, Pine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / Norway, Pine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / Yellow, Pine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / Swamp, Pine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / Walter, Pine, Table Mountain / Hickory / Prickley, Pine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / Scrub, Pine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / Silver, Poplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf Poplar, Poplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary Whitewood, Redwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / Sierra, Spruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / Swamp, Spruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver Spruce, Spruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / Western, Spruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western White, Sweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / Alligatorwood, Tamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / Eastern, Tupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large Tupelo, White Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic Cassada, Yew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / Californian. Shellbark hickory nuts are the largest of all hickory nuts and are sweet and edible. American White Birch: Betula papyrifera: 1947 New Jersey: Northern Red Oak: Quercus rubra: New Mexico: Piñon Pine: Pinus edulis: 1949: New York: Sugar Maple: Acer saccharum: North Carolina: Pine: Pinus: 1963: North Dakota: American Elm: Ulmus americana: 1947: Northern Mariana Islands: Flame Tree: Delonix regia: 1979: Ohio: Ohio Buckeye: Aesculus glabra: Oklahoma: Eastern Redbud The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, and commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession called a climax forest. Basswood is a prolific sprouting tree and can even form clumps from stumps. Start by picking one and follow the photo links to family, genus, and species. Hophornbeam. It is a choice fuel for smoking meats. White ash is widely grown as an ornamental tree in North America. If you find a supply, you have found a nut with the highest oil content and highest food value of all the walnuts and hickories. Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. Sugar maple is an immensely important species to the ecology of many forests in North America. The medium to large willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and is known for its rapid growth and long life. White oak is less favored than red oak because it is difficult to transplant and has a slow growth rate. Shellbark. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Québec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. Eastern Dogwood - Cornus florida. Black walnut wood is now relatively scarce and highly coveted, used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces a delicious nut. North America’s forests grow hundreds of varieties that thrive in temperate climates, including oak, ash, cherry, maple and poplar species. The fifth edition of North American Trees continues the tradition established by the earlier editions, creating a comprehensive, readable reference designed for the general public and beginning student. The wood is extremely hard, resistant to rot and longlasting, making it prized for fence posts and small watercraft. It is abundant further south on the southern coast and in the Gulf states, reaching its greatest size on the bottomlands of southern Arkansas and eastern Texas. Commercial overcup oak varies extremely with every site, fire damage, and degree of insect and decay defect. It is a large rapid-growing tree of the eastern United States, found on a variety of soils in mixed forests, especially light sandy and gravelly upland ridges and slopes. Slippery elm is reputedly less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other North American elms but is severely damaged by the Elm Leaf Beetle. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. By late August, it is common to see foliage of young sourwood trees along roadsides beginning to turn red. Common needle-bearing conifers include spruce, pine, larch, and fir. Overcup oak is a medium-sized deciduous oak that is valued as a "white oak" wood. Over time, red alders build up the soil with their copious litter and enrich it with nitrogen compounds formed by symbiotic bacteria that live in little nodules on their roots. Paulownia has a tropical look with very large catalpa-like leaves although the two species are not related. Hornbeam. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. In 1980, the 1954 Society of American Foresters' publication, Forest Cover Types of the United States and Canada, was revised. The oak is popular due to an attractive pyramidal shape and straight, dominant trunk, even on older specimens and because of availability. It is a very important keystone hardwood tree throughout the western American states and stunningly beautiful in Autumn. Still, the bark is important to wintering moose because of its sheer abundance. Black cherry is prone to storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly. Holly, American. American basswood is dominant in the sugar maple-basswood association most common in western Wisconsin and central Minnesota. The names "Box Elder" and "Boxelder Maple" are based on the similarity of its whitish wood to that of boxwood and the similarity of its pinnately compound leaves with those of some species of elder. See more ideas about Tree identification, Hardwood, Tree id. Return to Trees Live Here. Slippery elm is one of the smallest native North American elms but with one of the largest leaves. 541 of the United States Department of Agriculture (1979). The wood is superior to most red oaks, but it is mixed indiscriminately with other red oak lumber and used for the same products. It is the largest North American species in the Willow family and was the first tree species to be gene sequenced. Explore our map of 500+ easements found in 23 states, and our established focus areas shown in the brightly colored regions. Shagbark hickory wood is used for smoking meat and was used for making the bows of Native Americans of the northern area. Laurel oak or (Quercus laurifolia) is commonly used as an ornamental tree in landscaping because of its fast growth and pleasing appearance; it is planted with little regard to soil type. For this reason, it is an important tree on the eastern prairies, where it is often found near waterways in more forested areas, where there is a break in the canopy. It is the largest native cherry and one of the most abundant wild fruit trees. 228 Wider near … and Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) trees. ... Red alder is the largest... 02. Notable exceptions are the evergreen magnolias and American holly trees which maintain leaves longer than a year. Ontologicalpuppy/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0, Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. Isolated trees seem to be less susceptible to the disease while mass plantings tend to exacerbate the problems. The nut, once plentiful, is now rarely seen. The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's distinctive bark. Tea is brewed from the bark of roots and leaves are used is as a thickener in soups and sauces. Insects, birds, earthworms, fungi, deer, voles, and many other creatures may visit or live among the plants and in the soil. This oak is immediately recognized by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips never have bristles like red oak. Osage Orange Fruit, Maclura pomifera. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. The Balm-of-Gilead poplar tree is an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree. Its ability to thrive in a large number of habitats is largely due to its ability to produce roots to suit its site from a young age. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. The range of pignut hickory covers nearly all of eastern United States. "Now you see why they are called BIG leaf maples.". Green ash is seriously threatened in some areas, particularly Michigan, by the emerald ash borer, a beetle introduced accidentally from Asia, to which it has no natural resistance. biflora). In addition to sassafras' value to wildlife, the tree provides wood and bark for a variety of commercial and domestic uses. The uses of oak include almost everything that mankind has ever derived from trees - timber, food for man and animals, fuel, watershed protection, shade and beauty, tannin, and extractives. Some isolated single trees are surviving. In commerce, the lumber is mixed with that of other red oaks. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. Many trees that commonly grow in North America and parts of Europe possess medicinal benefits. The Trees of North America Individual pages for trees on this site may be located in three ways:--- Trees may be categorized into two major groups: conifers and broadleaf trees. Below are a few facts about tree families in North America: • The Pea family, Fabaceae, has 27 genera with tree species- more than any other. This beloved tree is the state tree of Missouri, North Carolina, and Virginia. Welcome to the most complete collection of images of North America's native trees, more than 600 in all, captured by Susan McDougall. Find the basic specific gravity of North American trees. Paulownia tomentosa - fruits of previous year. It is also very strong and takes a high polish which offers a wide range of uses, notably shipbuilding, furniture, agricultural tools, and musical instruments. It is rare in the north of its range (New England and New York) and always small there. Honeylocust. The tree is a very popular ornamental tree throughout the southeastern United States, grown for its attractive foliage and flowers. It is a large forest tree of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Ontario) but become smaller in the southern range. Red alder stands are eventually succeeded by Douglas fir, western hemlock, and Sitka spruce. Northern Pine- Pinus strobus L. Northern White Pine- Pinus strobus L. Norway Pine- Pinus resinosa Aiton Nut Pine-Pinus coulteri-O-Old Field Pine- Pinus taeda L., Pinus echinata Mill., Pinus virginiana Mill. Bruce Marlin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.5. Pecan is, economically, the most important member of the hickory family, of the genus Carya. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottomlands. The Latin "laurifolia" means laurel-leaved or having leaves like a laurel. This program consists of images and a suggested narrative, and is available as a PowerPoint® presentation.
2020 north american trees list